If you are looking for cannabis self-sufficiency, your search is over.
In light of the multigeneration war on drugs, it may feel surreal to realize that today there already are entire nations - like Canada and more than half of the US - that are opening up to psychedelics and cannabis.
The biggest challenge of incorporating cannabis into modern society is the prejudice caused by the incessant wave of misinformation and propaganda anti-cannabis.
In order to dismantle prejudice, I believe that is important to show cannabis for what it is: A little charismatic plant.
The first step to the responsible implementation of cannabis into a modern lifestyle is to domesticate cannabis.
To achieve this, it is imperative to choose the right cannabis strain and genetics to fulfill your objectives.
We are looking for a non-intimidating plant that is forgiving for beginners and still delivers the results you are looking for.
A residential cannabis plant should not require great care and should perform satisfactorily even in limited conditions.
Here at the Cabbanis organization, we prefer to work with Automatic Seeds. The Automatic type of genetics is perfect for residential cultivation.
Some Popular Benefits of Automatic Strains
- Forgiving to mistakes;
- Discreet Plants;
- Requires Fewer Amounts of Light;
Take extra care when choosing the right cannabis seeds for your grow. Most first-time growers underestimate the power of using the right genetics.
A reliable Seed Bank
Season after season the most acclaimed breeders in the world improve their craft as genetic engineers looking to produce the most consistent and powerful plants.
With predictable characteristics, the brand strains are sure to fit your needs.
A seed from a seed bank has the advantage of providing you with a plant that has predictable characteristics.
Let's say that you are interested in cultivating a cannabis plant at home but
Unfortunately, there's almost no space available and your house only gets a few hours of light a day.
In this case, you do want to make sure that the strain you choose comes from a genetic that is known for growing well in compact spaces and with low amounts of light.
You want a seed that will not require more than what you can offer.
In some cases, genetic choice is the key difference between a successful grow and a flop.
If your grow has limitations (most have), then it helps to know that the plant is genetically engineered to fit your specifications.
We advocate responsible residential cultivation. So my favorite type of seeds is the automatic cannabis seeds.
My trusty seed-bank:
They are a world-renowned cannabis seed-bank and for sure they have a genetic that will fit your specifications.
Before we germinate we need to prepare a good soil mix.
The preparation of the soil mix is one of the most important elements of successful cannabis cultivation.
You will need:
- - Ordinary Pot Soil | 60%
- - Perlite | 25%
- - Organic Fertilizer | 15%
If you are a beginner I would discourage you from adding bottled nutrients to the mix. However, with proper research, it can work well.
For most grows the normal gardening soil sold anywhere does the trick just fine.
To me, the two most important characteristics in soil mix are:
- - Water Drainage;
- - AIrflow;
If you water the plant and you see a puddle of mud form at the surface of the soil, then the soil is not yet appropriate. Consider adding some more perlite or equivalent to the mix.
The water flow is important because accumulation of water makes it easier for pathology of the roots.
The airflow is also crucial, as the roots require space and air to grow healthy.
The best way to control these two aspects of the soil is to add perlite; sand; clay; or any ingredient that will not retain water and provide space for the air to flow freely through the soil.
Then, I like to add organic compost. This is fertilizer produced organically and they will make sure our plants have the nutrients they need to give us the result we wish.
Mix the soil well and prepare it for when we complete the next step:
Now that you have the soil ready it's time to kick off the cultivation by germinating the seed. There are two popular methods to do this and each one with its own advantages and disadvantages.
Seed direct on soil;
Seed on humid paper;
Seed on Paper
The most popular method is also the most consistent and quick.
Simply place your seeds in a humid - not soaked - piece of paper (like a paper towel) and keep it in a closed container.
Wait a few days and don't forget to spray some water to keep the humidity in.
After a few days, the seed will present a little gap in its shell with a little white root going out.
Wait until the root is about 2.5–3 cm long before you place it on the soil with the root down and the shell up.
Seed on Soil
This method is the easiest method available, but quite unreliable.
- Make a little 2-3cm hole on the soil;
- Place the seed on the hole and cover it.
Keep the soil humid for a few days.
Don't be alarmed if it takes weeks or even a month for the plant to finally surface.
Seed directly on the soil may sound like a good idea but it makes our lives harder as it's impossible to see the progress of the seed before it surfaces.
After the seed has germinated it can be safely planted on the soil - remember, the white root must be facing down.
In the first few weeks, the plant is super sensitive. It's important to keep the plant quiet and avoid drastic changes. Also, avoid exposing the sprout to too much light and cold.
At this stage, it is important to keep the soil relatively humid until the plant grows stronger. But don't exaggerate.
After your plant forms the first leaves the plant will start the stage of vegetation.
This is the stage in which the plant directs all the energy it produces to building the fundamental structures it needs to produce the healthy flowers we want.
With the photoperiodic plants (non-automatic), the light schedule is relevant.
During the vegetation stage, the plant should ideally get more than 12 hours of light a day. Most growers like to give the plant 18 hours of light and 6 hours of darkness if possible.
If you are using the automatic type of strain, then you don't have to worry about the light schedule.
Automatic genetics starts flowering according to their age and not because of the amount of light it gets.
In time, the plant will reveal the pre-flowers. They are the part of the plat that ultimately becomes the flower. Once this pre-flower is mature enough, the vegetation stage ends and flowering begins.
For those using photoperiodic plants it's important to give your flowering cannabis plant at least 12 hours of uninterrupted darkness.
If your plant is not of the automatic type, then make sure to give at least 12 hours of darkness to induce the flowering.
Automatic plants do not require a change in light schedule.
Coming out of the pre-flowers the cannabis plant develops little white hair called pistils, and as the flowering progresses the THC levels increase and the bud takes shape.
If you are using bottled nutrients, then it's time to change the fertilizer.
- Fertilization for Vegetation must contain more Nitrogen;
- Fertilization for the flowering stage should contain a higher concentration of both Phosphorus and Potassium;
If you are growing organically, then it may be time to add a supplement of organic compost.
During flowering, it's normal to expect the plant to grow to 3 times its size.
Trichomes - THC Crystals
You may notice that on the surface of the new flowers appears to be a type of white crystal. If you touch it you may notice that it's quite sticky. This resin is one of the main products of the cannabis plant.
Those are called trichomes and they are rich in THC. For many growers, the more trichomes, the better.
As the cannabis plant grows we the concentration of trichomes increases and increases. Using a magnifying tool we can look closely at this crystal and this is how we tell if the plant is ready to harvest.
Trichomes are like little shiny balls that appear on the surface of the flower and leaves around the main buds. These are called trichomes and are the most reliable way to tell if your plant is ready for harvest.
With a good magnifying lens look at these little crystals and look for the top of the trichomes. They can be in three ways:
- White and cloudy;
- Amber (brown in color);
Depending on when you harvest, the flower will have distinct effects.
I'm talking about little shiny balls that appear on the surface of the flower and on the leaves around the main buds.
This is called trichomes and is the most reliable way to tell if your plant is ready for harvest.
With a good magnifying lens look at these little glands and look for the top of the trichomes. They can be in three ways:
- - Transparent;
- - White and cloudy;
- - Amber (brown in color);
Depending on when you harvest, the flower will have distinct effects. I recommend that you decide on the kind of effect you are looking for and harvest accordingly.
More than 50% of trichomes Transparent
Light high when consumed. If you harvest when most of the trichomes are transparent you should expect an under-developed flower which is perfect for those looking for a low-THC bud.
More than 50% of trichomes White and Cloudy
If most trichomes are milky, then the flower is close to the peak THC production of the flower. Plants harvested at this stage of maturity are reported to offer a light-medium high that is perfect for social environments.
More than 50% of trichomes Amber
This is what most growers look for. When about 50% of the trichomes are cloudy and 50% is amber the bud is ripe and ready to go.
If you wish for a more mental, creative high, then it's better to harvest earlier. If you wish to achieve a couch-locking super relaxing experience, then wait until most trichomes are brown in color.
It's time to dry!
Find a ventilated area protected from light to let the buds dry in the air. The more you cut away from the plant material the quicker it dries. To know if the plant has dried completely, a common trick is to bend one of the branches and if it bends instead of breaking, then it still needs to dry more. After the buds are completely dry, keep the dry plant material on a hermetic pot where the process of curing starts.
If done properly, the curing stage can result in a beautiful good-smelling flower.
There are thousands of ways of consuming cannabis.
If you followed our guide, your plant must have resulted in a pot full of cannabis flowers.
Consume it consciously and responsibly!
To finally put an end to the war on drugs we must find ways to benefit cannabis and psychedelics with balance. You can improve your performance and better your life with cannabis, however, it requires a lot of care and attention.
I really hope this little guide has shown you how simple it is to start (and finish) your own residential cannabis grow. If you are looking for good quality genetics please don't hesitate to contact us or check our affiliates out!
- Thanks for reading,
- Have a good grow.